It feels that everyone has experienced dry skin or spots from time to time. Some may even claim to have "dry skin," but the question is, what is dry skin?
Well, dry skin is skin that does not produce enough oil. Dry skin may also be referred to as alipidic (lacking oil). Dry skin types have a slightly rough texture, feel tight, and maybe lackluster in appearance. The follicle is barely visible, and sebum (oil) secretion is minimal.
Small follicles, little to no oil? It sounds like a win - right? Not really. Sebum (oil) production is essential to protecting the skin from environmental factors that can cause damages and reduce early signs of aging. The lack of natural oil production compromises the acid mantle's health and barrier function making dry skin sensitive.
The ultimate goal with dry skin is to stimulate oil production, hydrate, and nourish the skin. Occlusive products are ideal given they help lock in moisture by reducing moisture loss, combating dryness, and balancing the skin. Other products/regimens beneficial for dry skin include exfoliation (helps improve cell metabolism), hydrating mask/masque, hydrating serums, and oil-based moisturizers. Be mindful excessive application of heavy creams, thick butters, and comedogenic oils may hinder your skin's natural ability to produce oil. Use occlusive products in moderation.
**Keep in mind the dry skin is a skin type, not a skin condition. A skin condition mistaken for dry skin type is dehydrated skin (skin lacking moisture), eczema (skin condition resulting in inflamed, dry, itchy skin), or other similar conditions. These conditions can be improved upon, in some cases, while your skin type is attributed to genetics.